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An implant refers to inanimate objects that are placed into the body and living tissues. (Dental) implants are (dental implants) usually titanium-based screw or root shaped implants placed into an opened nest into the jawbones to restore function and aesthetics of one or more missing teeth. Fusion between tooth implant and live bone tissue is called osseointegration.
The first applications performed with the purpose of compensating for missing teeth and matching the definition of implant belonged to Mayan civilization according to archaeological finds (6th century BC). The first patented tooth implant was the irridioplatinum that designed by Greenfield in 1908 in the USA.
In 1939, Strock introduced a chrome-cobalt tooth implant. In 1949 Lubit and Rappaport developed a screw or cage shaped implant made from vitalium. Cherchève has developed applications such as dual spiral grooved implant design and grooving technique (screw-tapping) after milling, activating the function of the implant with dual-stage surgical technique. Until the middle of the last century, dentists such as Formiggini, Peron, Tramonte, Benoit, Jeanneret, Muratori, and Linkow performed similar applications to the implants used today. However, all these approaches and efforts remained as empirical applications and works that could not go beyond case reports.
In the 1940s, subperiosteal implants were introduced. By the 1960s, blade implant designs (plate, blade) developed by Linkow emerged.
Implant was first placed into a voluntary patient by Swedish scientist Branemark. It can be placed very rarely under the mucosa, that is, the gingival tissue too as it is most commonly placed into the jawbone. Types of implant that placed into the jaw are typically used. While pure titanium material was preferred during first use periods, titanium alloys in medical purity have been used lately. Titanium is one of the rare substances to which the body does not react as foreign bodies.
The first definition of success in implantology was made at the Harvard Consensus Conference in 1978 and certain criteria were set forth to address success. In 1986, Albreksson, Zarb, Warthingdon and Eriksson set the required minimum criteria for success as follows:
In the second consensus conference held in 1988, it was stated that the success criteria varied according to different implant types, nonetheless the criteria determined in 1978 were not emended. If you have any questions that you are concerned about implant, call the Ankara Mutludent Implant Center.